Barkas” is an eight coin in the „Great
Commanders” series. The Mint of Poland has decided to depict
the greatest and the most heroic and charismatic commanders on
series already includes the coins produced by the Mint of Poland:
“Napoleon Bonaparte”, “Mikhail
Kutuzov”, ”Alexander the Great”,
“Sitting Bull” as well as the coins manufactured by
the Kazakhstan Mint: “Chingiz Khan”,
“Attila the Hun” and “Tomyris”.
lived between 247 - 183 BC. He was a
commander of the army of Carthage during the Second Punic War. Took his
place in history as one of the greatest strategists of ancient times.
The coin „Hannibal
Barkas” was struck on blanks of Ag 925, in a low mintage
– up to 5,000 pieces, in proof quality.
At the top of the coin, in front of the Carthaginian buckler
- the effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. In the centre - the
face value: 1 Dollar. On both sides - images of war elephants, that
Hannibal was using during his military expeditions. On their heads -
protective armors, which are decorated with zircons in the shape of
teardrops. Under the elephants - the mint’s mark (m/w) and
the alloy (Ag 925).
In the central part of the coin - the images of warriors
astride elephants. In the background – the line of the Alps,
through Hannibal conducted his army to Italy. Below - the years of life
of the commander “247-183 BC”. At the top - an
effigy of Hannibal Barkas, taken from an ancient coin. The
inscriptions: on the left “HANNIBAL
on the right: “BARKAS
was one of the greatest strategists
of ancient times. He took over command of the Carthaginian army in 221
BC, after the death of the outstanding commander in chief Hasdrubal.
His goal was to expand the territory of Carthage. In 218 BC he
conquered the allied with Rome city-state Sagunto located on the
Iberian Peninsula, by which he started the outbreak of the Second Punic
War (218-201 BC).
After the capitulation of Sagunto, Rome sent a group of envoys to
Carthage with the message requesting the release of Hannibal as a
warmonger. As one might guess, they returned empty-handed.
The Carthaginian war with Rome became a reality. Hannibal set off to
the Apennine Peninsula with his army and war elephants which were
arousing tremendous fear among the Romans. He crossed the Pyrenees,
southern Gaul and the Alps.
The first clash with the Romans took place on the bank of the Ticino
River, which as well as the next battle on the bank of the Trebbia
River, was led by Hannibal to victory, opening the way to the middle
The most famous defeat of the Romans in the clash against the
brave commander in chief was the Battle of Cannae in 216 BC. After that
series of the victories the Romans coined the phrase: "Hannibal ante
portas," meaning "Hannibal at the gates", which so far is used as a
warning against a coming danger.
Eventually the Second Punic War ended with signing a peace treaty in
201 BC after the defeat of Hannibal’s army at Zama. Carthage
had to renounce all its territories in Europe and pay an enormous